CODATA Commission on Standards

Dr Simon Cox1, Dr Lesley Wyborn2, Dr Marshall Ma3, Dr Simon Hodson4, Professor Geoffrey Boulton4

1CSIRO , Clayton South, Australia, simon.cox@csiro.au

2Australian National University, Canberra, 6200,lesley.wyborn@csiro.au

3University of Idaho, Moscow, USA, max@uidaho.edu

4CODATA, Paris, France, simon@codata.org|G.Boulton@ed.ac.uk

ABSTRACT

CODATA, the Committee on Data for Science and Technology, was established in 1966 by ICSU to promote and encourage, on a world-wide basis, the compilation, evaluation and dissemination of reliable numerical data of importance to all fields of science and technology.  CODATA has played a particular role in standardizing the values of some of the key physical constants – see http://www.codata.org/committees-and-groups/fundamental-physical-constants.

CODATA is concerned with all types of data resulting from experimental measurements, observations and calculations in every field of science and technology, including the physical sciences, biology, geology, astronomy, engineering, environmental science, ecology and others. Particular emphasis is given to data management problems common to different disciplines and to data used outside the field in which they were generated.

Researchers across the science disciplines, the humanities, the social sciences need to create integrated data platforms that interoperate across discipline boundaries, and enable access to data by a diversity of users. The use of shared models and vocabularies makes data more easily re-useable, and thus more valuable.

The current landscape sees a variety of approaches to promulgating and maintaining community data models, formats, and vocabularies. These are generally organized within disciplines or groups of disciplines, with limited interoperability and linking between them. The emergence of the linked data paradigm, building on the key technologies of the World Wide Web, provides an opportunity to harmonize both tools and key content. The CODATA Commission on Standards aims to assist the science community to develop a coordinated approach, sharing best practices, and where necessary providing a platform for publication and governance of key cross-disciplinary ontologies and vocabularies.


Biography:

Simon Cox is a CSIRO research scientist, who has been working on standards related to environmental information since the dawn of the web era, through the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative, Open Geospatial Consortium, ISO/TC 211, INSPIRE, Research Data Alliance, Australian Government Linked Data Working Group and W3C. He was awarded the 2006 OGC Gardels Medal and presented the 2013 AGU Leptoukh Lecture.

SKA Regional Centre Activities in Australasia

Slava Kitaeff1, Peter Quinn2, Andreas Wicenec3, Tao An4, Juan Carlos Guzman5

1 International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research/ Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Perth, Australia, slava.kitaeff@icrar.org /slava.kitaeff@csiro.au

2 International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, Perth, Australia, peter.quinn@icrar.org

3 International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, Perth, Australia, andreas.wicenec@icrar.org

4 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Shanghai, China, antao@shao.ac.cn

5 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Perth, Australia, Juan.Guzman@csiro.au

 

Astronomy has a history and a tradition of using remote sites and space missions to gather large amounts of data. Australia hosts SKA pathfinders ASKAP and MWA, and will host SKA1-Low, producing orders of magnitude more data than any other astronomical instruments before. All this data will be used by hundreds of scientists working in multiple institutions across the globe. Australia participates and leads a number of major SKA science themes. In order to fully exploit the scientific potential of the instruments and enable ground-breaking scientific discoveries the SKA community needs to build the expertise and develop the technologies to support the science teams during their scientific exploration of the data products released by the SKA Observatory.
While SKA Observatory is responsible for generation of calibrated data products, the production of more advanced data products, such as science grade catalogues or very deep-stacked image cubes, are within the scope of SKA Regional Centres (SRC). The data volume and the individual sizes of datasets will be very large to be served via traditional data management models making the data centric processing as the preferred model for science data analysis. The data products need to be curated and served according to SKA policies. Multi-messenger data may need to be co-located and co-processed. Distributed science teams will need new tools, methods, frameworks and algorithms to maximise the scientific productivity.

Aiming at developing a prototype of the future infrastructure a three-year design study commenced in April 2017 called ERIDANUS Project. The project will deploy a prototype data intensive research infrastructure and middleware, between and within Australia and China, capable of addressing SKA-class data and processing challenges. The project will respond to the identified challenges, and will collaborate with the Advanced European Network for E-infrastructures for Astronomy with the SKA (AENEAS) project.

The poster outlines the current activities and future plans as undertaken by ICRAR, CSIRO and SHAO as part of the ERIDANUS project.


Biography:

Dr Slava Kitaeff is the Project Engineer for the SKA Regional Centre and ERIDANUS National Project Lead at the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research and CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science. Dr Kitaeff’s background is the radio astronomy instrumentation, high performance scientific computing and data management. http://linkedin.com/in/slavakitaeff/

Developing a culture which values research data through integrated skills training

Dr Mark Hooper1, Sharron Stapleton1, Katya Henry1, Stephanie Bradbury1

1Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Kelvin Grove, Australia

m5.hooper@qut.edu.au, s.stapleton@qut.edu.aus.bradbury@qut.edu.au, k1.henry@qut.edu.au

 

INTRODUCTION

“Research Data” is to be the third in a series of research training events developed by QUT Library and the Office of Research Ethics and Integrity. Its development follows the successful format of previous courses, “Authorship and Publication” and “Journal Peer Review”. It will be a two-and-a-half hour blended learning course, comprised of lightning talks, animations, interviews, and activities, structured around the research data lifecycle.

The poster shares our progress in developing this novel training, and promoting a culture of strong research data management practices at QUT in the context of a new Research Data Management Strategy. This strategy is an institutional response to federal government research agendas, reviews, initiatives and supporting roadmaps [1], [2], [3] [4]. Research data management continues to be part of the multifaceted and changing landscape of eResearch, and we believe it is important that institutions share learnings that contribute towards best practice.

AIM

The aim of our forthcoming course “Research Data” is to provide Higher Degree Research (HDR) students and Early Career Researchers (ECR) with a conceptual framework for understanding the complex world of research data management. It will connect researchers with tools, skills, resources, local peer-to-peer support networks, experts and opportunities for further training.

Participants will be invited to adopt a broad view of research data covering the whole research lifecycle, and then to dive in and out of more specific topics – connecting with resources that provide more information, and tools that may be useful for their specific research activities. In this sense, the overall course structure will follow the format of our previous courses that aimed to unite many individual topics into a coherent schema. For example, “Authorship and Publication” represented the relationships between topics as parts of a subway map (see Figure 1)[5]. “Journal Peer Review” represented individual topics as parts of a great industrial machine comprised of various components, cobbled together over time as illustrated in Figure 1 [5]. In this same way, “Research Data” will give participants a feel for how individual topics and discipline differences are part of a system supporting their research.

Figure 1: QUT Library and Office of Research Ethics & Integrity research training formats

These formats have proved popular, as evidenced by our anonymous feedback surveys:

“The presentation map …will be extremely useful for planning. Already have a space on the wall, as it is such a good visual reminder”

“Will certainly recommend it to others, as it gives a great ‘bird’s eye view’ of the whole process.”

“A well organised, succinct morning. The format was great – moved along well and didn’t get bogged down… All speakers were well prepared and their slides were clear and concise.”

“This was a great session. I learnt more about the publishing process this morning than I have in [my] whole time at [university]. I will be recommending [this] session to all early career academics.”

Following the two previous courses, “Research Data” will aim to integrate research skills with good research practices. In other words, it aims to integrate the “how” and the “why”. For example, the course will be based around the F.A.I.R. principles for research outputs: Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable [6].  But rather than merely explaining these principles in abstract, the course aims to equip researchers with tools that will help them to enact those principles in their various research activities.   Our poster shares some of our working ideas in this respect.

REFERENCES

  1. Australian Government., National innovation and science agenda. 2015. Available from: http://www.innovation.gov.au/page/agenda, accessed 31 Aug 2017.
  2. Australian Government, Productivity Commission. Data availability and use, draft report. 2016. Available from: http://www.pc.gov.au/inquiries/completed/data-access/thedraft, accessed 31 Aug 2017.
  3. Australian Government, Department of Education and Training. 2016 National research infrastructure roadmap. Available from: https://www.education.gov.au/2016-national-research-infrastructure-roadmap, accessed 31 August 2017.
  4. McGagh, J., Marsh, H., Western, M., Thomas, P., Hastings, A., Mihailova, M., and Wenham, M. (ACOLA). 2016. Review of Australia’s Research Training System. Report for the Australian Council of Learned Academies. Available from: http://www.acola.org.au, accessed 31 Aug 2017.
  5. Queensland University of Technology. Authorship, publication, and peer review. Available from: http://www.orei.qut.edu.au/training/appr.jsp, accessed 31 Aug 2017.
  6. FORCE11. Guiding principles for findable, accessible, interoperable and re-usable data publishing version B1.0. Available from https://www.force11.org/fairprinciples, accessed 31 Aug 2017.

 


 

Biographies:

Mark Hooper is Education and Cultural Change Coordinator for the Office of Research Integrity at QUT.  He has designed and delivered educational materials and curricula across the academic, professional, government, and industry sectors. His PhD is in the field of philosophy and examined David Hume’s account of cognitive error.  http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9298-841X 

Sharron Stapleton has over twenty years’ experience in information research and management in corporate, academic and government sectors.  She is currently Research Data Librarian at QUT and supports researchers in managing and publishing their data. orcid.org/0000-0001-6017-4211

Katya Henry is the Research Support Librarian at QUT Library.  Passionate about the Library and Information Science profession, Katya has experience in academic, school and State libraries, together with tertiary teaching and research roles. orcid.org/0000-0003-0789-6308

Stephanie Bradbury is the Research Support Manager at QUT Library.  She coordinates a range of activities that support QUT’s research community including: the library’s researcher skills training workshops; research impact reporting, and data management service and scholarly publishing strategies. In the past 20 years, Stephanie has worked in various areas of QUT including Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation (IHBI) as Information Manager, and the Research Students Centre as Research Training Coordinator.

orcid.org/0000-0002-1429-608X

Hivebench helps life scientists unlock the full potential of their research data

Mrs Elena Zudilova-Seinstra1, Mr Julien Therier1

1Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

 

Title Hivebench helps life scientists unlock the full potential of their research data
Synopsis By integrating Hivebench ELN with an institutional repository, or the free data repository Mendeley Data, you can maximize the potential of your research data (see diagram below) and secure its long-term archiving. Hivebench supports compliance with data mandates and the storage of research process details, making results more transparent, reproducible and easier to store and share.

Indeed storing information in private files or paper notebooks poses challenges, not only for individual life scientists, but for their lab as a whole. An Electronic Lab Notebook stores research data in a well-structured format for ease of reuse, and simplifies the process of sharing and preserving information. It also structures workflows and protocols to improve experiment reproducibility.

Format of demonstration Live Demonstration
Presenter(s) Elena Zudilova-Seinstra, PhD

Sr. Product Manager Research Data

Elsevier RDM, Research Products

Target research community Whatever your role in the lab – researcher, PI, lab manager.
Statement of Research Impact Hivebench’s comprehensive, consistent and structured data capture provides a simple and safe way to manage and preserve protocols and research data.
Request to schedule alongside particular conference session Optional – List relevant conference sessions if any
Any special requirements Access to Internet connection.

 


Biography:

I’m a Senior Product Manager for Research Data at Elsevier. In my current role I focus on delivering tools for sharing and reuse of research data. Since 2014 I have being responsible for the Elsevier’s Research Elements Program focusing on innovative article formats for publishing data, software and other elements of the research cycle. Before joining Elsevier, I worked at the University of Amsterdam, SARA Computing and Networking Services and Corning Inc.

A repository for a Fraser Island (K’Gari) Research Collection

Rebecca Cooke1, Beth Crawter1

1USC, Sunshine Coast, Australia rcooke@usc.edu.auecrawter@usc.edu.au

 

AIM

Cultural heritage repositories around the world are growing as the importance of preserving and providing access to fragile and aged information assets is realized. USC has a longstanding presence on Fraser Island (K’Gari) and in 2016 decided to increase research activity on the Island. As part of this increased interest it was recognized that there needed to be a repository for existing and ongoing Fraser Island (K’Gari) research material. Prior to the establishment of the Fraser Island (K’Gari) Research Collection, USC had not explored the cultural heritage space so this project was a steep learning curve for the Library team involved. By using creative repository solutions, a low-cost and highly visible repository of this valuable data was developed, and is now being showcased to the world.

DESCRIPTION

The aim of the Fraser Island (K’Gari) Research Collection project was to establish the USC Library as a resource centre to support ongoing research into Fraser Island (K’Gari) and to expose online and print-based material held at USC. The initial USC collection primarily constitutes an archive of donated material relating to Fraser Island (K’Gari) which will be managed for preservation and provide for both digital and physical access.

The collection has multiple components which are handled separately but drawn together online. The material comprises monographs, including books and reports, photographs, correspondence, flyers, ephemera and manuscripts. The initial material was the donated lifetime collection of research resources from John Sinclair OAM, founder of the Fraser Island Defenders Organisation. As the collection involved both digitised and physical items, a solution was required that would encompass both output types in a seamless manner for the end user. Discoverability and usability of the solution was key to the success of the project. Placing both the physical and digital items together in a collection within a single interface streamlined the process of providing access to the collection of material and allowed for an optimal user experience.

The project was not without difficulties. Copyright management was required to determine access rights for digitized items from a range of sources, some with political sensitivity, including government reports, manuscript drafts and personal correspondence. With many individuals, organisations, and government departments unable to be located, a risk management approach had to be developed to allow open access to as much of the collection as possible.

A significant challenge faced with the project was the need to develop parameters around the receipt of donations of this nature and how to manage them. Without a precedent at USC, it fell on the project team to source best practice guidelines from other organisations and academic libraries, and with a large amount of trial and error, including trials into archiving and preservation digitisation which have not been part of the USC Library practice to date. The outcomes of this project though will inform the future management of the collection of Fraser Island (K’Gari) related resources at USC, and develop criteria to evaluate resources and processes for managing similar collections in the future.

This poster will examine the challenges of a regional institution setting up their first cultural heritage repository for both digital and physical objects, covering a wide variety of object formats. It will be of interest to any libraries or repository managers faced with setting up a cultural heritage repository collection, especially where low-cost is a priority.

CONCLUSION

As an increasing number of organisations and private individuals are seeking a home for their cultural heritage research collections, it is becoming increasingly critical that libraries know how to deal with this influx of interest in archival collections and the best way to manage and provide access to the content. By using a platform that was already established at the institution, a low-cost solution was provided for the Fraser Island (K’Gari) Research Collection, as well as future cultural heritage and research collections. Policy and procedural guidelines are now in place to inform collection development and curation of archival material that is likely to be deemed valuable for researchers into the future.


 

Biographies:

Rebecca Cooke, BSc (UNE), Grad Dip App Sc (Lib and Info Manag) (CSU). Research Collections Coordinator, USC Sunshine Coast.

Rebecca is the Research Collections Coordinator at the USC Sunshine Coast and is responsible for the management of the USC Research Bank and other digital collections.  Starting with the ANDS funded “Seeding the Commons” project, Rebecca has also been involved in Research Data Management activities around the University.

Beth Crawter BA (UQ), Grad. Dip. Lib. Sci. (QUT). Team Leader, Research and Academic Liaison, USC Sunshine Coast.

Beth coordinates the Research and Academic Liaison team, which comprises the Liaison Librarians who provide support and training to students and staff at USC.  In 2012 she led a successful Australian National Data Service “Seeding the Commons” project at USC.  She is a member of the Research Week Committee, the Research Management Committee, the Faculty of Arts and Business Learning and Teaching Committee and chairs the Research Data Management Working Party

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