Pension transactions are generally considered to be a reduction in credit risk. The biggest risk in a repo is that the seller does not maintain his contract by not repuring the securities he sold on the due date. In these cases, the purchaser of the guarantee can then liquidate the guarantee in an attempt to recover the money he originally paid. However, the reason this is an inherent risk is that the value of the warranty may have decreased since the first sale and therefore cannot leave the buyer with any choice but to maintain the security he never wanted to maintain in the long term, or to sell it for a loss. On the other hand, this transaction also poses a risk to the borrower; If the value of the guarantee increases beyond the agreed terms, the creditor cannot resell the guarantee. A decisive calculation in each repurchase agreement is the implied interest rate. If the interest rate is not favourable, a reannument agreement may not be the most effective way to access cash in the short term. A formula that can be used to calculate the real interest rate is below: re boarding operations are carried out in three forms: indicated delivery, tri-party, and held in detention (where the “selling” party maintains the guarantee for the duration of the pension). The third form (Hold-in-custody) is quite rare, especially in development-oriented markets, due in part to the risk that the seller may intervene before the transaction is completed and that the buyer will not be able to recover the guarantees issued as collateral for the transaction. The first form – the indicated delivery – requires the delivery of a predetermined loan at the beginning and maturity of the contract.
Tri-Party is essentially a form of trading basket and allows a wider range of instruments in the basket or pool. In the case of a tripartite repurchase transaction, a third-party agent or bank is placed between the “seller” and the buyer. The third party retains control of the securities that are the subject of the agreement and processes payments made by the “seller” to the buyer. A pension contract (repo) is a short-term guaranteed credit: one party sells securities to another and agrees to buy them back at a higher price at a later price. The securities serve as collateral. The difference between the initial price of the securities and their redemption price is that of the interest paid on the loan called the pension rate. Deposits with a specified maturity date (usually the next day or the following week) are long-term repurchase contracts. A trader sells securities to a counterparty with the agreement that he will buy them back at a higher price at a given time. In this agreement, the counterparty receives the use of the securities for the duration of the transaction and receives interest that is indicated as the difference between the initial selling price and the purchase price. The interest rate is set and interest is paid at maturity by the trader.
Although the transaction is similar to a loan and its economic effect is similar to a loan, the terminology is different from that of the loans: the seller legally buys the securities from the buyer at the end of the loan period. However, an essential aspect of rest is that they are legally recognized as a single transaction (important in the event of a counterparty`s insolvency) and not as a transfer and redemption for tax purposes.