Fast and Accurate Training of an AI Radiologist on the Zenith Supercomputer

Andrew Underwood1

1Director, HPC & AI Dell EMC

 

The health care industry is expected to be an early adopter of AI and deep learning to improve patient outcomes, reduce costs, and speed up diagnosis. We have developed models for using AI to diagnose pneumonia, emphysema, and other thoracic pathologies from chest x-rays. Using the Stanford University CheXNet model as inspiration, we explore ways of developing accurate models for this problem with fast parallel training on Zenith, the Intel Xeon-based supercomputer at Dell EMC’s HPC and AI Innovation Lab. We explore various network topologies to gain insight into what types of neural networks scale well in parallel and improve training time from days to hours. We then explore transferring this learned knowledge to other radiology subdomains, such as mammography, and whether this leads to better models than developing subdomain models independently.

Spatial Performance Environment Command Transmission Realities for Astronauts (SPECTRA)

Sarah Jane Pell1

1Artist-Astronaut, Adjunct Assoc. Professor, Faculty of Engineering, Office of the Engineering Dean, and Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture, Monash University

 

Sarah Jane Pell has performed with gesture-controlled robots underwater, dragged prototype 360° cameras up Mt. Everest, launched artworks into space, and bounced images on the Moon’s surface via radio waves. The real work is in recognizing the signals as a dialogue with the extreme environment.

In her 2018 eResearch Australasia Keynote, Pell will explore the role that art and technology has played and continues to play in shifting understandings of human exploration. What are the stakes—social, ethical, ontological— in appropriating astronautics for artistic purposes for example? What are the consequences, both intended and not, of placing artworks/artists into diverse cultural contexts, from the space analogue to the launch vehicle? What would it take to RSVP YES to #DearMoon?

An Australia Council Fellowship in Emerging and Experimental Arts supported her latest Performing Astronautics projects. She highlights the impact of cinematic-robotic and immersive visualization technology vital to understanding and assisting human movement, including working as an artist astronaut. Pell is uniquely positioned as a commercial diver, commercial spaceflight candidate, and spacesuit validation test pilot. She qualified for a polar suborbital mission specialist, and served as the Simulation Astronaut for Project Moonwalk subsea lunar analogue human-robotic co-operation trials 2016; Artist-in-Residence for the Mars Desert Research Station Crew188, and Commander of Lunares 3 Crew Spectra Mission 2018. Former Chair of the European Space Agency (Topical Team Art & Science), graduate of the International Space University, and NASA consultant, Pell champions sci-art approaches and human spaceflight as priorities for the new Australian Space Agency.

Supporting human ingenuity with AI

David Smith1

1Cloud Developer Advocate, Microsoft

 

AI is revolutionizing the types of data that can be applied to research with new ways of collecting and extracting information, and new ways to make predictions and inferences. In this talk, I will provide an overview of some of Microsoft’s AI services, and show how AI can be used to advance research with examples from Microsoft’s AI for Earth and AI for Accessibility programs.

 


Biography:


David
is Cloud Developer Advocate for Microsoft, specializing in the topics of artificial intelligence and machine learning. With a background in statistics and data science, he is the editor of the Revolutions blog (http://blog.revolutionanalytics.com) where he has written about applications of data science with a focus on the programming language “R” since 2009. He is also a co-author of the R manual “Introduction to R”, and a member of the board of directors for the R Consortium. He lives with his husband and two Jack Russell terriers in Chicago. Follow David on Twitter as @revodavid.

The resolution revolution in molecular imaging – new challenges and opportunities for structural biologists

Professor James Whisstock1

1Director, Australian Research Council (ARC), Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging

 

The development of a new generation of electron microscopes and direct electron detectors is permitting structural biologists to determine near-atomic resolution insights into hard-to-study macromolecular assemblies both in vitro and in situ. EM-based workflows for structure determination present major new challenges for the life science community, particularly with respect to efficient processing of large datasets. This talk will focus on current approaches for EM data analysis, together with a discussion of likely future developments in the field of biological Electron Microscopy.

Sharing Data: Improving Lives – challenges and solutions in a privacy-sensitive world

Professor David V Ford1

1Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, Wales, UK, SA2 8PP, d.v.ford@swansea.ac.uk

 

The case for sharing data, linking it together, and using it to support policy and service improvement has been made many times.  However, despite the obvious benefits, it happens far more rarely than one might expect.  This talk explores some of the reasons, spoken and unspoken, why this is the case and describes how these challenges have been addressed in Wales’s SAIL DataBank, and describes how carefully designed software platforms, such as the UK’s Secure E-Research Platform (SeRP), can help groups and jurisdictions make progress.

About the conference

eResearch Australasia provides opportunities for delegates to engage, connect, and share their ideas and exemplars concerning new information centric research capabilities, and how information and communication technologies help researchers to collaborate, collect, manage, share, process, analyse, store, find, understand and re-use information.

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